Saving Lives

The single most important marker of high risk for developing breast cancer.


As part of a multimodal approach, 95% of early stage cancers will be detected.


Browse answers to frequently asked questions about breast thermography.

Research Studies and Articles

Books on shelves in library

Standards and Guidelines

International Academy of Clinical Thermology Quality Assurance Guidelines: Standards and Protocols in Clinical Thermographic Imaging
(Annual Review 2020 Edition.)


Case Studies

Breast Thermography

Body Thermography


Research Studies

Effectiveness of a Noninvasive Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging System in the Detection of Breast Cancer (Am J Surg. 2008 Oct ;196 (4):523-6)

Nondestructive Testing of the Human Breast: The Validity of Dynamic Stress Testing in Medical Infrared Breast Imaging (IEEE EMBS, 2004)

Infrared Imaging of the Breast: Initial Reappraisal Using High-Resolution Digital Technology in 100 Successive Cases of Stage I and II Breast Cancer (The Breast Journal. Vol. 4, No. 4, July/August 1998)

Breast Thermography and Cancer Risk Prediction (Cancer 45:51-56, 1980)

Efficacy of Computerized Infrared Imaging Analysis to Evaluate Mammographically Suspicious Lesions (AJR: 180:263-269. 2003)

Thermobiological Assessment of Benign and Malignant Breast Diseases (Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 147;861, 1983)

Advances in Medical Infrared Imaging (IEEE EMBS Journal, Vol. 21, No. 6, November/December 2002)

Relationship Between Microvessel Density and Thermographic Hot Areas in Breast Cancer (Surgery Today (2003) 33:243–248)

Manipulation of the Primary Breast Tumor and the Incidence of Sentinel Node Metastases from Invasive Breast Cancer (Abstract – Arch Surg. 2004;139:634-640.)

Quantification of Thermal Asymmetry: Part 1 Normal Values and Reproducibility (J Neurosurgery 69; 1988)

Quantification of Thermal Asymmetry: Part 2 Application in Low-Back Pain and Sciatica (Abstract – J Neurosurgery 69; 1988)

Thermography in Diagnosis of Radiculopathies (Clin J Pain 1989;5:249-253)

Thermal Symmetry of the Upper and Lower Extremities in Healthy Subjects (Abstract – Thermology International, 22(2):53-60, May 2012)

Thermal Symmetry of Skin Temperature: Normative Data of Normal Subjects in Taiwan (Abstract – Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei). 2001 Aug:64(80:459-68)


Estrogen and Breast Cancer

Influence of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Breast Cancer and Mammography in Health Postmenopausal Women (The Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Trial)

Estrogen as a Carcinogen (National Institutes of Health)

Endogenous Estrogens as Carcinogens Through Metabolic Activation (Abstract – J National Cancer Institute, No. 27, 67-73, 2000)

Estrogens as Endogenous Genotoxic Agents—DNA Adducts and Mutations (Abstract – J National Cancer Institute, No. 27, 75-94, 2000)

Tissue-Specific Synthesis and Oxidative Metabolism of Estrogens (Abstract – J National Cancer Institute, No. 27, 95-112, 2000)

Endocrine Disruptors and Human Health: Could Estrogenic Chemicals in Body Care Cosmetics Adversely Affect Breast Cancer Incidence in Women? (Abstract – J Appl Toxicol. 2004 May-Jun;24(3):167-76.)

The Role of Estrogen in The Initiation of Breast Cancer (J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2006 December; 102(1-5): 89–96.)

The Potential Benefit of Progesterone on Breast Cancer (Int J Fertil Womens Med. 1998 Nov-Dec;43(6):278-85)

Xenoestrogens and Breast Cancer (Environmental Health 2012, 11(Suppl 1):S8)

Etiology of Fibrocystic Breast Disease: Estrogen Dominance and Progesterone Deficiency (Int J Med Res Prof.2016; 2(3); 14-19.)

Estrogen Dominance, Fibrocysts, and Breast Cancer Risk (Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Jan;154(1):161-79.)

Estrogen and Breast Cancer Recurrence Risk (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2008;17(3). March 2008)


Progesterone and Breast Cancer

The Effects of Progesterone on Breast Cancer Cells (Clinical Cancer Research. Vol 7, 2880-2886, September 2001)

Bioidentical vs. Synthetic Progesterone on Breast Cancer Risk Markers (Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. Vol 101, pages125–134 (2007))

Estrogen/Progesterone Interaction in Normal and Abnormal Breast Cells (Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1986;464:152-67)

Transdermal Estrogen and Progesterone’s Influence on the Breast Cell Cycle (Fertil Steril. 1995 Apr;63(4):785-91)

Synthetic and Non-Synthetic Progesterone in Relation to Breast Cancer Risk (J Steroid Biochem and Molecular Biology. Vol 97, Issue 5, Dec 2005: 441-450)

Progesterone Deficiency and Breast Cancer Risk (Cancer 33:1306-1312, 1974.)

Breast Cancer Incidence and Progesterone Deficiency (Amer J of Epidemiology, Vol 114, Issue 2, Aug 1981: 209–217.)

Progesterone Inhibits Growth and Induces Cell Death in Breast Cancer Cells (Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science, Vol. 28, No. 6: 360-369. (1998))

Progesterone Receptor: An Important Anti-Inflammatory Role in Breast Cancer (Mol Endocrinol. 2008 Aug; 22(8): 1812–1824.)

Transdermal Progesterone Therapy in the Treatment of Fibrocystic Breast Disease (Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2016, 6, 334-341)